Why use sunscreen and how to choose one

How to choose a sun screen
Photo by Mor Shani on Unsplash

It’s summer season and the weather is more than beautiful especially if you live close to the beach or the mountain. We often think that we need sun protection only when we are laying on the beach and sunbathing but this is not true, and because of that our skins ages way faster than they should.  In this article, you’ll learn how does the sunscreen works, why to wear it and how to choose it.

In general, every product you use on your body has an impact on you and the environment, so does the sunscreen. Using sunscreen is a must because this is how we could protect ourselves from exposing our skin to Ultra Violet Ray. The exposure to these UV rays doesn’t only happen during the summer at the beach or in the park, but also on a cloudy day or during winter time. The UV rays are two types – UVA and UVB. The UVA rays are penetrating the skin in deeper layers and this could cause wrinkles and faster ageing. On the other hand, the UVB rays are responsible for getting a sun burn and they penetrate the surface layers of the skin, although a small amount of UVB exposure will help vitamin D production, which is responsible for strong bones and other health benefits. Never the less, prolong exposing to both of the ray types will age the skin faster, damage the DNA and stimulate potentially developing of deadly cancer.

There is two type of screen protectors that could be found on the market. One of them is known as “Physically” protecting sunscreen and the other one is known as “Chemically” protecting sunscreen.

The “Physically” protecting sunscreen contains inorganic blockers as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide which act as a shield in between the skin and the sunlight, so the skin will reflect the sunlight away from the skin.

The “Chemically” protecting sunscreen contains carbon based compounds which absorb the UV light.

 

These ingredients might sound confusing to some of you, we all know what is the feeling when we try to read the ingredient sections of different products, all these strange names could give you a headache, so we decided to explain you in a simple way what’s the difference in between the ingredients of these two sunscreen types.

The mineral based (Physically protecting) sunscreen if less likely to give you a rash or cause an allergic reaction. It might be little harder to smear and distribute on the skin, also might have a white tint like when applied on the skin.

The researchers show that more people react negatively to the carbon-based sunscreens (Chemically protecting) with allergic and inflammatory reactions.

When choosing your sunscreen type, we kindly ask you to think about the environment also. Carbon based sunscreen is proven to damage the marine life such as corals, rather than mineral based sunscreen.

Okay, you’ve learned about the ingredients, but you are still confused watching all the labels on the shelf.  Another thing you should look for while choosing a sunscreen is the Sun Protecting Factor, also known as SPF. We suggest you choose 30 SPF, but 15 SPF is also an option. Which SPF to choose depends on the sun exposure and duration.

The sunscreen with SPF of 15 will block 93% of the rays, a sunscreen with SPF 30 will block 97% of the rays, and the SPF 50 sunscreen has 98% UV ray protection.

Every sunscreen, no matter the type, should be applied every 2 hours and more often if you sweat or swim. You need about an ounce of sunscreen to cover your body.

There are myths that people with darker skin colour don’t need sun protection but this is not true.  The UVB and UVA rays are affecting everyone, even though some will need more time to get a sunburn.

Doctors suggest daily use of sunscreen and moderate sun exposure.

We, as beauty lovers also suggest you to use sunscreen in your daily care routine to keep your skin younger, beautiful for better makeup results.

Hope you liked spending time reading this post, and you’ve found it helpful.

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